Estrada Real is currently the greatest tourist program being implemented within Brazil. It offers the possibility of touring ancient trails where natives, slaves, muleteers and the Bandeirantes (explorers who were interested in enslaving and who went inland in search of precious stones) traveled. It is a journey through the Brazilian history of the 17th to the 19th centuries.
The main route links the city of Ouro Preto in the state of Minas Gerais to Paraty (a harbor in the southern coast of the state of Rio de Janeiro), through the Paraiba valley in the state of São Paulo, and on its way down to the sea. Visiting the Estrada Real means an opportunity to get in touch with the olden Brazil. This route was fundamental for Brazilian history and economic development since it allowed the first villages and little cities to appear inland.